RARE Original White Star Travel LOT. For offer, an ORIGINAL ephemera lot. Fresh from an attic estate in Upstate / Western NY.Never offered on the market until now. Vintage, Old, antique, Original - NOT a Reproduction - Guaranteed!! This fresh lot has never been offered on the market until now.
RMS Adriatic - New York to Liverpool - Liverpool to NY. In good to very good condition. Fold marks, wear, a few creases here or there. Please see photos for details.This is one you will not see again soon. A nice piece for your paper or ephemera collection.
Perhaps some genealogy research information as well. Founded in 1845, the line operated a fleet of clipper ships that sailed between Britain and Australia. Today it is most famous for their innovative vessel Oceanic of 1870, and the Olympic class ocean liners, including the ill-fated RMS Titanic.
In 1934, White Star merged with its chief rival, Cunard Line, which operated as Cunard-White Star Line until 1950. Cunard Line then operated as a separate entity until 2005 and is now part of Carnival Corporation & plc.As a lasting reminder of the White Star Line, modern Cunard ships use the term White Star Service to describe the level of customer care expected of the company. History Early history White Star Line flag The first company bearing the name White Star Line was founded in Liverpool, England, by John Pilkington and Henry Wilson in 1845. It focused on the UKAustralia trade, which increased following the discovery of gold in Australia. The fleet initially consisted of the chartered sailing ships RMS Tayleur, Blue Jacket, White Star, Red Jacket, Ellen, Ben Nevis, Emma, Mermaid and Iowa.  In 1863, the company acquired its first steamship, the Royal Standard.
The original White Star Line merged with two other small lines, The Black Ball Line and The Eagle Line, to form a conglomerate, the Liverpool, Melbourne and Oriental Steam Navigation Company Limited. This did not prosper and White Star broke away. White Star concentrated on Liverpool to New York services. Heavy investment in new ships was financed by borrowing, but the company's bank, the Royal Bank of Liverpool, failed in October 1867.
Ismay established the company's headquarters at Albion House, Liverpool. Adriatic of 1871, (3,888 GRT) Ismay was approached by Gustav Christian Schwabe, a prominent Liverpool merchant, and his nephew, shipbuilder Gustav Wilhelm Wolff, during a game of billiards. Schwabe offered to finance the new line if Ismay had his ships built by Wolff's company, Harland and Wolff.  Ismay agreed, and a partnership with Harland and Wolff was established. The shipbuilders received their first orders on 30 July 1869.The agreement was that Harland and Wolff would build the ships at cost plus a fixed percentage and would not build any vessels for the White Star's rivals. In 1870 William Imrie joined the managing company. Britannic and Germanic of 1874, (5,000 GRT) White Star began with six ships of the Oceanic class: Oceanic (I), Atlantic, Baltic, and Republic, followed by the slightly larger Celtic and Adriatic. White Star began operating again in 1871 between New York and Liverpool (with a call at Queenstown). White Star gave their ships names ending in -ic, such as Titanic.
The line also adopted a buff-coloured funnel with a black top as a distinguishing feature for their ships, as well as a distinctive house flag, a red broad pennant with two tails, bearing a white five-pointed star. The first substantial loss for the company came only four years after its founding, occurring in 1873 with the sinking of the SS Atlantic and the loss of 535 lives near Halifax, Nova Scotia. However, when attempting to enter Halifax, she ran aground on the rocks and sank in shallow waters. Despite being so close to shore, a majority of the victims of the disaster drowned. The crew were blamed for serious navigational errors by the Canadian Inquiry, although a British Board of Trade investigation cleared the company of all extreme wrongdoing.
 Oceanic of 1899, (17,272 GRT) During the late nineteenth century, White Star operated many famous ships, such as Britannic (I), Germanic, Teutonic, and Majestic (I). In 1899 Thomas Ismay commissioned one of the most beautiful steam ships constructed during the nineteenth century, the Oceanic (II). Thereafter White Star concentrated on comfort and economy of operation instead. In the late nineteenth century, shipbuilders had discovered that when speed through water increased above about 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h), the required additional engine power increased in exponential proportion; that is, each additional increment of speed required a progressively larger increase in engine power and fuel consumption. With the coal-fired reciprocating steam engines of the time, exceeding about 24 knots (28 mph; 44 km/h) required very high power and fuel consumption.
For this reason, the White Star Line committed to comfort and reliability rather than to speed. For example, White Star's Celtic cruised at 16 knots (18 mph; 30 km/h) with 14,000 horsepower, while Cunard's Mauretania made 24 knots (28 mph; 44 km/h) with 68,000 horsepower.Adriatic of 1907 (24,541 GRT), the largest of the Big Four Between 1901 and 1907, White Star brought "The Big Four" (all around 24,000 tons) into service: Celtic, Cedric, Baltic, and Adriatic. These ships carried massive numbers of passengers: 400 passengers in First and Second Class, and over 2,000 in Third Class. In addition, they had extremely large cargo capacities, up to 17,000 tons of general cargo. In 1902 White Star Line was absorbed into the International Mercantile Marine Co. Bruce Ismay ceded control to IMM in the face of intense pressure from shareholders and J. Morgan, who threatened a rate war. IMM was dissolved in 1932. The White Star Line and migration In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, millions of people emigrated from Europe to Canada and the United States. The Oceanic-class liners of 18701872 carried up to 1,000 third-class passengers, as did the vast majority of White Star's ships thereafter.
White Star advertised extensively for emigrant passengers. When the Line began operations in 1870, the majority of their business in the emigration trade was centred on Great Britain, and Irish emigrants remained a chief source of income for much of the company's history. From the start, a great deal of their business also came from Scandinavia, with Norway and Sweden being the largest areas of success. As the years passed, the company expanded its services into continental Europe, eventually tapping into the massive streams of emigrants from Italy, from the Slavic regions of Central Europe under the control of the Austro-Hungarian empire, and nations such as Romania and Bulgaria in southeastern Europe struggling with slowed economic growth and overpopulation.Also included was Europe's massive population of Ashkenazi Jews from several areas of Eastern Europe generally known as the Pale of Settlement, a region within the Russian Empire designated under anti-Semitic governmental policies as the only area in which Jews were allowed to settle permanently. The Line eventually expanded their services of travel across all regions of Europe, spanning from the Iberian Peninsula to the Middle East. No exact figures are available, but White Star liners may have carried as many as two million emigrants to North America. As a means of competing with Cunard (which had faster ships), White Star gave their third-class facilities modest luxuries. These included division of steerage passengers into two areas of each vessel. Quarters for single men, usually found in old-fashioned open-berth dormitories, were located in the forward areas of the vessel; these quarters differed greatly from those found on ships of other lines as they were much less crowded. Single women, married couples and families were berthed in private two-, four-, and six-berth cabins in the after areas of the vessel. The reasons are best explained in a secret investigation conducted by the U.
 During the years when immigration to the United States was at its peak, American agent Anna Herkner disguised herself as a Bohemian immigrant and made three trans-Atlantic crossings on ships of three different lines to carry out an investigation of the conditions of steerage in secret. Although the actual report omits the names of the vessels she travelled on, records at Ellis Island reveal which ships she had included in her study: in 1905, she made a westbound crossing in steerage aboard the North German Lloyd line's Friedrich Der Grosse, followed in 1907 by the Hamburg Amerika Line's Pennsylvania, and finally, in 1909, she sailed aboard the White Star Line's Cedric. Her report contrast "old-type" and "new-type steerage", recommending that the government should bring about transition to the latter.
While aboard Friedrich Der Grosse and the Pennsylvania she witnessed stewards sexually assaulting female steerage passengers, a severe lack of medical care, and scarcely tolerable food provided to steerage passengers. Aboard Cedric, however, Herkner was surprised at how well she was treated and how well passengers were provided for. In her report, she described her cabin, which she shared with three other women, as private, comfortable, and clean.She noted that each cabin had a bell by which a steward could be summoned, features such as mirrors, hooks to hang clothing on, and private wash basins. The food was of better quality, and the open deck space allotted to steerage passengers was far greater than in the "old-type" steerage on the other two ships.  Third-class accommodations on the White Star Line included dining rooms with linens and silverware and menu cards which had postcards on the back, so that emigrants could write to relatives back home and suggest that they, too, travel with White Star. Olympic class ships Main article: Olympic-class ocean liner Titanic of 1912 (46,328 GRT) The Cunard Line was the chief competitor to White Star. In response to Cunard's Lusitania and Mauretania, White Star ordered the Olympic class liners: Olympic, Titanic, and Britannic (II). While Cunard was famed for the speed of their ships, the Olympic class were to be the biggest and most luxurious ships in the world. Britannic hit an underwater mine, in the Kea Channel off the Greek island of Kea, and sank on the morning of 21 November 1916. Interwar years In 1922 the White Star Line gained Majestic and Homeric; two former German liners which had been ceded to Britain as war reparations, ostensibly as a replacement for the war losses of the Britannic and Oceanic. Majestic was then the world's largest liner and became the company's flagship. The two former German liners operated successfully alongside Olympic for an express service on the Southampton-New York route until the Great Depression reduced demand after 1930.  In 1928 a new Oceanic (III) was proposed and her keel was laid down that year at Harland and Wolff.
Oceanic's keel was dismantled and the steel was used in two new smaller motor ships: Britannic (III) and Georgic. Both of these ships entered service by 1932; they were the last liners White Star had built.Profile view of the Oceanic III, the largest liner ever designed for the White Star Line RMSPC ran into financial trouble, and was liquidated in 1932. Cunard merger Cunard-White Star Logo In 1933 White Star and Cunard were both in serious financial difficulties because of the Great Depression, falling passenger numbers and the advanced age of their fleets.
In 1933 the British government agreed to provide assistance to the two competitors on the condition that they merge their North Atlantic operations. The agreement was completed on 30 December 1933. The merger took place on 10 May 1934, creating Cunard-White Star Limited.White Star contributed ten ships to the new company while Cunard contributed 15 ships. White Star's Australia and New Zealand services were not involved in the merger, but were separately disposed of to Shaw, Savill & Albion later in 1934. A year after this merger, Olympic, the last of her class, was removed from service. She was scrapped in 1937. In 1947 Cunard acquired the 38% of Cunard White Star they did not already own, and on 31 December 1949 they acquired Cunard White Star's assets and operations, and reverted to using the name "Cunard" on January 1, 1950.
Just as the retiring of Cunard Line's RMS Aquitania in 1949 marked the end of an era, so the retirement of the Britannic and therefore the last vestiges of the famous White Star Line was similarly noted world-wide.  All other ships flew the Cunard flag over the White Star flag until 1968. This was most likely because Nomadic remained in service with Cunard until this year, and was sent to the breakers' yard, only to be bought for use as a floating restaurant. After this, all remnants of White Star Line were retired. White Star Line today This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The building has a plaque commemorating the fact that the building was the head office of the White Star Line. Bruce Ismay, the chairman of the line who sailed on Titanic, had his office in the building. The White Star Line's London offices, named Oceanic House, still exist today. They are just a street off Trafalgar Square, and one can still see the name on the building over the entrances. The Southampton offices still exist, now known as Canute Chambers, they are situated in Canute Road. The historic Nomadic was opened ceremoniously to the public on 6 January 2013.  Cunard Line itself has, since 1995, introduced White Star Service as the brand of services on their ships RMS Queen Mary 2, MS Queen Victoria and the MS Queen Elizabeth.
The company has also created the White Star Academy, an in-house programme for preparing new crew members for Cunard ships.  The White Star flag is raised on all Cunard ships and on the Nomadic in Belfast, Northern Ireland every 15 April in memory of the Titanic disaster. Fleet events On 21 January 1854 Tayleur wrecked off Lambay Island, with the loss of 380 lives, out of 652 on board.
In 1873 Atlantic was wrecked near Halifax, costing 535 lives.  In 1893 Naronic vanished on the Atlantic ocean with 74 crew after departing Liverpool for New York. Wreckage found included deck spars and at least two lifeboats, but no trace of her crew. Her wreck has never been found. In 1907 Suevic ran aground off the southwest coast of England, but in the largest rescue of its kind, all 456 passengers and 141 crewmembers were rescued.
In 1909 the Republic foundered off the New England coast after a collision with the Italian liner Florida. The remainder of the passengers were rescued. In September 1911 Olympic was involved in a collision with the warship HMS Hawke in the Solent, badly damaging both ships. On 1415 April 1912 Titanic was lost after colliding with an iceberg, taking 1,502 passengers and crew with her. In 1915 the Ionic was narrowly missed by a German torpedo in the Mediterranean Sea.
On 28 June 1915 the Armenian, a vessel built for the Leyland Line but leased to the White Star Line, was sunk by a torpedo fired by SM U-24 20 miles off the coast of Cornwall, carrying a cargo of 1,400 mules. 29 crew and all the mules were lost.
On 3 May 1915 the former Germanic (then in service as a Turkish troop transport) was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS E14. In May 1916 Ceramic was narrowly missed by two torpedoes from unidentified U-boat in Mediterranean Sea. In 1916 the Cymric was torpedoed three times and sunk off the southern coast of Ireland by U-20, noted as the same submarine responsible for the tragic sinking of the Lusitania the year before.
It sank in 57 minutes with the loss of 30 lives and was the largest vessel sunk in the war. On 25 January 1917 Laurentic struck two mines laid by U-80 and sank with a loss of 354 lives.In May 1917 Afric was torpedoed and sunk by UC-66, in English Channel, killing 22 crew members. In June 1917 Ceramic was narrowly missed by one torpedo from unidentified U-boat in English Channel. In August 1917 Delphic was torpedoed 135 miles off Bishop Rock by German U-boat UC-72 and sank with the loss of five lives. On 12 May 1918, Olympic rammed and sank the U-boat U-103 which had tried, and failed, to torpedo it. The torpedo actually struck Olympic but failed to detonate. However, several bow plates on Olympic were dented from the collision with the U-boat.
Later, while Olympic was in Dry Dock, a large circular-shaped dent was found in the side of her hull, appearing to be the same size as the head of the standard torpedoes used by the German U-Boats. On 1920 July 1918 Justicia (owned by the British Government and managed by White Star) was torpedoed twice by U-46 but she remained afloat. Later in the same day, she was torpedoed two more times by U-46 and again managed to stay afloat.
The next morning, as she was towed by HMS Sonia, she was torpedoed two more times by U-124 and finally sank, killing 16 crew members. In September 1918 Persic was torpedoed by U-87 off of the Isles of Scilly, but was able to limp off and outrun the sub. She was towed in and repaired, resuming service.
In October 1917 RMS Celtic ran up on a mine laid by U-88 near Cobh, Ireland, killing 17. She was repaired and put back into military service.In June 1918, she was torpedoed by UB-77 in the Irish Sea, killing seven. Once again, she was able to escape the sub and limp into port with her own steam. She was repaired and once again put back into service, serving through the remainder of the war without incident. On 15 May 1934, while steaming in a fog, Olympic rammed the Lightship Nantucket, sinking it and killing seven of the crew. In November 1940 Laurentic was torpedoed and sunk by U-99 off Northern Ireland with the loss of 49 lives.
Notable captains This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. (January 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Commodore Sir Bertram Fox Hayes KCMG DSO RD RNR Commodore, White Star Line Captain Digby Murray, Commodore, best known as captain of Republic and Atlantic. Smith RD RNR of Titanic. Captain Charles Bartlett CB CBE RD RNR of Britannic, one of the sister ships of Titanic.Haddock CB RNR of the Oceanic, Olympic, and for a few days before her departure Titanic. White has commanded Bovic, Baltic, Belgic, Nomadic, Homeric, Olympic, and Majestic. Captain Miles has commanded Arabic, Afric, Celtic. Jpg Oceanic 1870 18701895 3,707 Builder's model of the Oceanic, 1871. Jpg Atlantic 1871 18711873 3,707 RMS Atlantic.
Jpg Doric 1883 18831906 4,784 Ionic 1883 18831900 4,753 Belgic 1885 18851903 4,212 Gaelic 1885 18851905 4,206 Ssgaelic. Jpg Cufic 1885 18851901 4,639 Runic 1889 18891895 5,043 Halifax explosion - Imo. Jpg Nomadic 1891 18911903 5,749 Tauric 1891 18911929 5,728 Magnetic 1891 18911932 619 SS Magnetic model.
Jpg Naronic 1892 18921893 6,594 Bovic-Naronic. Jpg Bovic 1892 18921922 6,583 Bovic-Naronic. Jpg Cevic 1894 18941914 8,301 SS Cevic.Jpg Pontic 1894 18941930 394 Georgic 1895 18951916 10,077 Delphic 1897 18971917 8,273 Cymric 1898 18981916 13,096 RMS Cymric. Jpg Afric 1898 18991917 11,948 Medic 1899 18921921 11,973 SS Medic.
Jpg Oceanic 1899 18991914 17,272 Colorful Oceanic. Jpg Suevic 1900 19001928 12,531 Suevic postcard-3 (cropped). Jpg Corinthic 1902 19021931 12,367 Corinthic.
Jpg Ionic 1903 19031934 12,352 Ionic. Jpg Cedric 1903 19031931 21,073 RMS Cedric. Jpg Victorian 1895 19031904 8,825 Armenian 1895 19031915 8,825 SS Armenian. Jpg Romanic 1898 19031912 11,394 Cretic 1903 19031904 13,507 Cretic. Jpg Republic 1903 19031909 15,400 RMS Republic.
Jpg Canopic 1900 19041925 12,268 Canopic. JPG Cufic 1895 19041923 8,249 Baltic 1904 19041933 23,876 RMS Baltic postcard (cropped). Jpg Gallic 1894 19071913 12,352 Adriatic 1907 19071935 24,541 RMS Adriatic postcard. Jpg Megantic 1909 19091933 14,878 SS Megantic. Jpg Nomadic 1911 19111925 1,273 Tender Nomadic.Jpg Traffic 1911 19111927 675 Tender Traffic 1911 01 - copia. Jpg Olympic 1911 19111935 45,324 Olympic in New York cropped. Jpg Belgic 1913 19111913 9,748 Titanic 1912 1912 46,328 Sank on her maiden voyage in the Atlantic Ocean RMS Titanic 3. Jpg Ceramic 1912 19131934 18,400 Ss ceramic. Jpg Vaderland 1910 19141917 11,899 SSVaderland. Jpg Lapland 1909 19141920 17,540 Rsl 1 (cropped). Jpg Britannic 1914 19151916 48,158 HMHS Britannic. Jpg Belgic 1914 19171923 27,132 SS Belgenland. Jpg Justicia 1914 19171918 32,234 Statendam1917.
Jpg Vedic 1918 19181934 9,302 Vedic. Jpg Homeric 1913 19221935 35,000 RMS Homeric.
Jpg Haverford 1901 19211925 11,635 SS Haverford. Jpg Poland 1897 19221925 8,282 Majestic 1914 19221936 56,551 Full drawing of the RMS Majestic. Jpg Pittsburgh 1922 19221925 16,322 Pennland (Bernstein). Jpg Doric 1923 19231935 16,484 RMS Doric.
Jpg Delphic 1918 19251933 8,002 Albertic 1920 19271934 18,940 Albertic. Jpg Calgaric 1918 19271934 16,063 Laurentic 1927 19271940 18,724 Laurentic. Jpg Britannic 1929 19291949 26,943 Britannic (III). Jpg Georgic 1932 19321949 27,759 Georgic. Jpg See also United Kingdom portal iconNautical portal Companies portal List of White Star Line ships (Complete list).The item "RARE 1882 White Star Line Steamship RMS Adriatic LARGE LOT 1 Owner Fresh" is in sale since Wednesday, January 18, 2017. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Transportation\Boats & Ships\Cruise Ships & Ocean Liners\White Star & Titanic". The seller is "dalebooks" and is located in Rochester, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.